Safoian Family’s Impact On Aua’s ‘Yes, Armenian Women Can!’ Campaign

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Many local nobles (nakharars) joined their efforts with the Georgians, leading to liberation of a number of areas in northern Armenia, which was ruled, under the authority of the Georgian crown, by the Zakarids-Mkhargrzeli, a prominent Armeno-Georgian noble household. Although the native Bagratuni dynasty was founded underneath beneficial circumstances, the feudal system gradually weakened the nation by eroding loyalty to the central government. Thus internally enfeebled, Armenia proved a simple victim for the Byzantines, who captured Ani in 1045.

The Armenian Apostolic Church is a part of the Oriental Orthodox communion, not to be confused with the Eastern Orthodox communion. The first Catholicos of the Armenian church was Saint Gregory the Illuminator. Because of his beliefs, he was persecuted by the pagan king of Armenia, and was “punished” by being thrown in Khor Virap, in modern-day Armenia. According to tradition, the Armenian Apostolic Church was established by two of Jesus’ twelve apostles— Thaddaeus and Bartholomew— who preached Christianity in Armenia within the 40s—60s AD.

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Between 1st and 4th centuries AD, the Armenian Church was headed by patriarchs. Another campaign was led by Emperor Lucius Verus in 162–one hundred sixty five, after Vologases IV of Parthia had invaded Armenia and installed his chief basic on its throne. Sohaemus, a Roman citizen of Armenian heritage, was installed as the new consumer king. Because this agreement was not revered by the Parthian Empire, in 114 Trajan from Antiochia in Syria marched on Armenia and conquered the capital Artaxata.

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In 301, Armenia became the first nation to undertake Christianity as a state religion, amidst the lengthy-lasting geo-political rivalry over the region. It established a church that at present exists independently of both the Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox churches, having turn into so in 451 after having rejected the Council of Chalcedon.

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These occasions are historically commemorated yearly on 24 April, the Armenian Christian martyr day. 6 Armenian provinces of Western Armenia and bounds between countries before World War I. Homas, Turkey in Asia (with 6 Armenian provinces of Western Armenia), 1903. Persia continued to rule Eastern Armenia, which included all the trendy-day Armenian Republic, until the primary half of the nineteenth century.

During this time, Armenia had a sizeable Azeri minority, principally centred in Yerevan. Likewise, Azerbaijan had an Armenian minority, concentrated in Baku and Kirovabad. Members of the Soviet eleventh Red Army marching down Yerevan’s Abovyan Boulevard, effectively ending Armenian self-rule. In November 1920, the Turkish revolutionaries captured Alexandropol and have been poised to maneuver in on the capital.

In 1604, Shah Abbas I pursued a scorched-earth campaign towards the Ottomans in the Ararat valley through the Ottoman–Safavid War (1603–18). The old Armenian town of Julfa in the province of Nakhichevan was taken early within the invasion. The Shah pursued a cautious strategy, advancing and retreating because the occasion demanded, decided to not danger his enterprise in a direct confrontation with stronger enemy forces. In 1071, after the defeat of the Byzantine forces by the Seljuk Turks on the Battle of Manzikert, the Turks captured the rest of Greater Armenia and far of Anatolia. So ended Christian management of Armenia for the following millennium excluding a period of the late 12th-early 13th centuries, when the Muslim power in Greater Armenia was seriously troubled by the resurgent Kingdom of Georgia.

The struggle finally resulted in 1813 with a Russian victory after their successful storming of Lankaran in early 1813. The Treaty of Gulistan that was signed in the same yr pressured Qajar Iran to irrevocably cede significant amounts of its Caucasian territories to Russia, comprising trendy-day Dagestan, Georgia, and most of what’s at present the Republic of Azerbaijan.

The Azeris had close ethnic and spiritual ties to the Turks and had offered materials help for them in their drive to Baku in 1918. Although the borders of the 2 nations were nonetheless undefined, Azerbaijan claimed many of the territory Armenia was sitting on, demanding all or most elements of the former Russian provinces of Elizavetpol, Tiflis, Yerevan, Kars and Batum. Repeated attempts to convey these provinces underneath Azerbaijani jurisdiction had been met with fierce resistance by their Armenian inhabitants. In May 1919, Dro led an expeditionary unit that was successful in establishing Armenian administrative management in Nakhichevan.

By the late 18th century, Imperial Russia had started to encroach to the south into the land of its neighbours; Qajar Iran and Ottoman Turkey. In 1804, Pavel Tsitsianov invaded the Iranian town of Ganja and massacred many of its inhabitants whereas making the rest flee deeper within the borders of Qajar Iran. This was a declaration of warfare and regarded as an invasion of Iranian territory. The following years had been devastating for the Iranian towns within the Caucasus in addition to the inhabitants of the region, as well as for the Persian military.

Negotiations have been then carried out between Kâzım Karabekir and a peace delegation led by Alexander Khatisian in Alexandropol; although Karabekir’s phrases had been extremely harsh the Armenian delegation had little recourse but to agree to them. The Treaty of Alexandropol was signed on 3 December 1920, though the Armenian authorities had already fallen to the Soviets the day before. A considerable degree of hostility existed between Armenia and its new neighbor to the east, the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, stemming largely from racial, spiritual, cultural and societal variations.

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