Both things utilized to measure the existence of nonheterosexual themes significantly surpassed this criterion.

Both things utilized to measure the existence of nonheterosexual themes significantly surpassed this criterion.

The number of 2 minute intervals coded for each variable related to sexual minorities was summed across the intervals in an episode to gauge the frequency with which same sex sexual behavior and talk about nonheterosexual sexual issues occurred within each program episode for purposes of reliability assessment. This summing led to converting nominal data (i.e., presence/absence) during the 2 moment interval degree into regularity counts during the system degree (wide range of periods for which exact same intercourse intimate behavior happened in the episode). Consequently, the dependability analyses utilized the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). The ICC is an evaluation associated with percentage of variance into the measures owing to coder agreement corrected for opportunity. For period information like the regularity matters utilized right right here, the ICC is the same as Krippendorf’s alpha (Krippendorf, 1980).

An ICC of .70 was utilized once the criterion for appropriate dependability. Both things utilized to measure the existence of nonheterosexual themes considerably surpassed this criterion. The ICC for same intercourse behavior that is sexual .97 in 12 months 1 and .99 in 12 months 2. The ICC for speak about nonheterosexual intimate problems ended up being .89 in year 1 and .95 in 12 months 2.

Information Analyses

To respond to initial collection of research concerns about the prevalence of nonheterosexual product on tv, we used episode degree information ( ag e.g., percentages of episodes containing sex that is same behavior and containing speak about intercourse linked to nonheterosexuals) and chi square analyses to look at between team distinctions with your nominal information. When it comes to 2nd group of research concerns, we utilized only those suggests that included nonheterosexual intimate content and evaluated their regularity across 2 moment periods ( e.g., amount of periods each hour of system time with nonheterosexual sexual talk). For those analyses, we used t tests or analysis of variance (ANOVA) to try group differences. Significant f that is omnibus had been followed up with post hoc comparisons utilizing Tamhane’s T2 test, which doesn’t assume equal mobile size or equal variance, to spot significant distinctions across teams.

Results.Prevalence of Nonheterosexual Sexual Content

About one out of six programs within our examples included any sexual content (behavior or talk) linked to nonheterosexuals. The small upsurge in nonheterosexual intimate content through the 2001 2002 period (14.5%) to your 2002 2003 period (17.4%) had been significant, П‡ 2 (1, N = 2715) = 4.15, p dining Table 1 shows the portion of implies that contained any exact exact exact same intercourse intimate behavior and any intimate talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals by system genres, by form of community, and also by time of day aired. For community kind, the 11 channels were categorized into certainly one of three groups: commercial broadcast (including the 3 major systems ABC, CBS, and NBC along with Fox, UPN, and WB), cable music activity (which included BET and MTV), and premium cable film (including Cinemax, HBO, and Showtime). With regards to time of time broadcast, shows airing between 3:00 and 8:00 p.m. had been categorized as late afternoon/early evening and those shown between 8:00 and 11:00 p.m. were classified as prime time.

Note: Within kind of system and time of day aired, percentages into the column that is same don’t share subscripts vary at p Table 1 ). In many situations, there was clearly a higher amount of communication between a genre’s relative ratings for exact same intercourse intimate behavior and speak about nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas. Also, genres’ standings on both these factors had been fairly stable throughout the two tv periods.

Three genres had been regularly reduced in both types of nonheterosexual sexual content: Children’s cartoons (none of which included sexual behavior or intimate talk associated with nonheterosexuals in either 12 months), news publications (0% for behavior and talk in 12 months 1; 3.2per cent and 6.5%, respectively, for behavior and talk in 12 months 2), and talk programs (0 and 3.0per cent, correspondingly, for behavior and talk in 12 months 1; 2.2 and 8.9percent, correspondingly, for behavior and talk for 12 months 2). 3 Genres that had a black gay cam tendency to possess the greatest proportions of programs with nonheterosexual content had been variety/comedy and component movie. Designed for television films and programs classified as “other” additionally had reasonably high proportions with nonheterosexual content that is sexual nonetheless, both these groups included just only a few programs (letter = 7), which makes it tough to draw conclusions about them. Consequently, we do not highlight the findings associated with them although we include these latter two genres in the tables.

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